Topics Legislative initiatives by citizens

Constitute topics are built from the variables in the Comparative Constitutions Project’s dataset, which captures the content of world constitutions. The particular variables relevant to this topic are listed below, in the form of survey questions.

More information about the CCP’s research design is available here, including background information on how the team designed the inventory of constitutional topics as well as the full coding survey


Allows private citizens to propose new legislation. Usually this requires additional qualifications, such as support from a political party, a member of the legislature, or a certain number of signatures from other citizens.





Survey Questions

  • Does the constitution provide for the ability of individuals to propose legislative initiatives (referenda from below)?
  • What are the prerequisites for an initiative to be considered (please check all that apply)?