New constitutions are written every year. The people who write these important documents need to read and analyze texts from other places. Constitute offers access to the world’s constitutions that users can systematically compare them across a broad set of topics — using a modern, clean interface.
Constitute allows you to interact with the world’s constitutions in a few different ways.
Except for material identified as copyrighted by other parties, the content of constituteproject.org is provided under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License (which allows you to make free use of information from the site for noncommercial purposes). William S. Hein and Company and the Oxford University Press have provided certain materials from their online collections of constitutional texts. We encourage interested users to explore their products at HeinOnline and Oxford Constitutions of the World. The data that power the site are architected and maintained according to principles of the semantic web; for more information on this data and other ways to interact with it, see the Comparative Constitutions Project website.
Let us know if you find problems with a constitution or one of its excerpts. Each passage has an error icon which you can click to tell us when it is miscategoriezed or displayed incorrectly. You may also send general concerns by email to firstname.lastname@example.org. We are obsessed with beautiful and reliable constitution data, and welcome your feedback.
Currently Constitute includes the constitution that was in force in September of 2013 for nearly every independent state in the world. Certain countries whose constitutional order consists of multiple documents, or whose constitutions are in transition, are temporarily omitted. Soon we will include many of these cases as well as a version of every available constitution ever written since 1789.
Constitute was developed by the Comparative Constitutions Project. It was seeded with a grant from Google Ideas to the University of Texas at Austin, with additional financial support from the Indigo Trust and IC2. Semantic data structures were created by the Miranker Lab at the University of Texas using Capsenta's Ultrawrap. Site architecture, engineering, and design are provided by Psycle Interactive.
The following organizations have made important investments in the Comparative Constitutions Project since 2005: the National Science Foundation (SES 0648288, IIS 1018554), the Cline Center for Democracy, the United States Institute of Peace, the University of Texas, the University of Chicago, and the Constitution Unit at University College London.
Any inquiries should be addressed to email@example.com
At Google Ideas: Jared Cohen, Yasmin Green, Brendan Ballou, and Sara Sinclair Brody, who saw early promise in the project and provided enthusiastic support and guidance.
At the Comparative Constitutions Project: Our indispensable “taggers”: Alex Hudson, Jessie Baugher, Christine Stuart, Giorleny Altamirano, Connor Ewing, John Marsh, Matt Rhodes-Purdy, and the Plan II team. Special thanks to Robert Shaffer for writing and rewriting the code that processes constitutional texts as well as many other critical tasks behind the scenes.
At Google: Anna de Paula Hanika and Jake Cressman who contributed numerous big ideas and their design touch.
At Psycle: Greg Jones, Roy Gardner, Alex Fry, Greg Lepski, Rachel Hancock, Rob Gardner and Rich Dooley took the ideas and made them a web reality.
At UT’s Miranker Lab: Juan Sequeda and Dan Miranker contributed the power of Capsenta's Ultrawrap to transform raw data to linked open data and enrich the constitutional ontology.
In the field: Drafters and advisors of constitutional drafters worldwide provided helpful feedback at key moments.
Our Colleagues: Scholars across various fields improved many of these ideas. We especially appreciate our Board of Advisors and our collaborators at the Program on Liberation Technology and Peace Innovation Lab at Stanford University, whose work informed this project.
For the Comparative Constitutions Project,
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Use this list to view constitutional excerpts on selected issues and important provisions.
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