Topics Emergency provisions

Constitute topics are built from the variables in the Comparative Constitutions Project’s dataset, which captures the content of world constitutions. The particular variables relevant to this topic are listed below, in the form of survey questions.

More information about the CCP’s research design is available here, including background information on how the team designed the inventory of constitutional topics as well as the full coding survey


Allows the government to declare an exceptional state, such as emergency, siege, or martial law. Usually gives the government additional powers, and may suspend some normal functions of the political system.




derogable; inalienable; inviolable; martial law; state of siege; war

Survey Questions

  • Does the constitution have provisions for calling a state of emergency?
  • Who can declare a state of emergency?
  • Who approves a state of emergency?
  • Who consults in the process to declare emergency powers?
  • Under which of the following circumstances can a state of emergency be called?
  • Does the constitution provide for suspension or restriction of rights during states of emergency?
  • What rights are identified as non-derogable, even during a state of emergency?
  • Other than rights, what (if any) operations of government are affected by a state of emergency?