Topics Second chamber selection

Constitute topics are built from the variables in the Comparative Constitutions Project’s dataset, which captures the content of world constitutions. The particular variables relevant to this topic are listed below, in the form of survey questions.

More information about the CCP’s research design is available here, including background information on how the team designed the inventory of constitutional topics as well as the full coding survey


Describes the procedure through which members of the second chamber of the legislature are elected or appointed. This is often different from the selection procedure used for the first chamber.



Survey Questions

  • How are members of the second chamber selected?
  • Are members of the second chamber elected in the same cohort, or in staggered cohorts?
  • What additional details are provided about the selection process for members of the second chamber?