Topics Treaty ratification

Constitute topics are built from the variables in the Comparative Constitutions Project’s dataset, which captures the content of world constitutions. The particular variables relevant to this topic are listed below, in the form of survey questions.

More information about the CCP’s research design is available here, including background information on how the team designed the inventory of constitutional topics as well as the full coding survey


The steps that the government must follow to gain approval for accession to a treaty. Commonly this involves gaining the consent of part or all of the legislature.


International Law

Survey Questions

  • Does the constitution mention international treaties?
  • Who has the power to initiate treaties?
  • Who has the power to approve treaties?
  • Who has the power to revoke or withdraw from treaties?