Topics Reference to fraternity/solidarity

Constitute topics are built from the variables in the Comparative Constitutions Project’s dataset, which captures the content of world constitutions. The particular variables relevant to this topic are listed below, in the form of survey questions.

More information about the CCP’s research design is available here, including background information on how the team designed the inventory of constitutional topics as well as the full coding survey


Considered one of the fundamental values of many states. Often mentioned in the preamble as a motivation for the constitution.


Principles and Symbols



Survey Questions

  • Does the constitution refer to 'fraternity' or 'solidarity'?