Topics Mentions of social class

Constitute topics are built from the variables in the Comparative Constitutions Project’s dataset, which captures the content of world constitutions. The particular variables relevant to this topic are listed below, in the form of survey questions.

More information about the CCP’s research design is available here, including background information on how the team designed the inventory of constitutional topics as well as the full coding survey


Explicit references to social class. This may be in the context of either outlawing or providing for a system of social classes within the state, or in the context of pursuing socio-economic equality.


Rights and Duties


class; property

Survey Questions

  • Does the constitution have any of the following provisions with respect to social class?
  • Which social classes are mentioned in the constitution?