Topics Ownership of natural resources

Constitute topics are built from the variables in the Comparative Constitutions Project’s dataset, which captures the content of world constitutions. The particular variables relevant to this topic are listed below, in the form of survey questions.

More information about the CCP’s research design is available here, including background information on how the team designed the inventory of constitutional topics as well as the full coding survey


Describes ownership of natural resources in general, or makes specific references to ownership or use of energy, mineral, water, flora, fauna, or other natural resources.


Principles and Symbols



Survey Questions

  • Does the constitution refer to ownership or possession of natural resources (such as minerals, oil, etc.)?
  • Which specific natural resources does the constitution refer to?