Topics Reference to country's history

Constitute topics are built from the variables in the Comparative Constitutions Project’s dataset, which captures the content of world constitutions. The particular variables relevant to this topic are listed below, in the form of survey questions.

More information about the CCP’s research design is available here, including background information on how the team designed the inventory of constitutional topics as well as the full coding survey


May invoke particular triumphs or tragedies in the country's past. Situates the constitution in the country's larger legal and political identity.


Principles and Symbols

Survey Questions

  • Does the constitution refer to social, political, or economic conditions in the time before the birth of the state or in the time of a former constitution?