Topics Presumption of innocence in trials

Constitute topics are built from the variables in the Comparative Constitutions Project’s dataset, which captures the content of world constitutions. The particular variables relevant to this topic are listed below, in the form of survey questions.

More information about the CCP’s research design is available here, including background information on how the team designed the inventory of constitutional topics as well as the full coding survey


Requires that those adjudicating a criminal trial maintain the posture that the accused is "innocent until proven guilty." This places the burden of proof on the side of the prosecution in the trial.


Rights and Duties


accused; criminal procedure

Survey Questions

  • Is there a presumption of innocence in trials?