Topics Provisions for wealth redistribution

Constitute topics are built from the variables in the Comparative Constitutions Project’s dataset, which captures the content of world constitutions. The particular variables relevant to this topic are listed below, in the form of survey questions.

More information about the CCP’s research design is available here, including background information on how the team designed the inventory of constitutional topics as well as the full coding survey


The state is required to provide additional resources, either in monetary contributions or in services, to specific groups within the society. Categories might include gender, ethnicity, disability, or any other group identity.


Culture and Identity



Survey Questions

  • Does the constitution provide for positive obligations to transfer wealth to, or provide opportunity for, particular groups?