Topics Head of state powers

Constitute topics are built from the variables in the Comparative Constitutions Project’s dataset, which captures the content of world constitutions. The particular variables relevant to this topic are listed below, in the form of survey questions.

More information about the CCP’s research design is available here, including background information on how the team designed the inventory of constitutional topics as well as the full coding survey


Specific, enumerated powers that are given to the head of state. For example, some heads of state are given the power to issue currency, grant asylum, award decorations, or various other particular powers.




king; monarch; president; queen

Survey Questions

  • What additional powers (i.e. powers not listed elsewhere in the survey) are given to the head of state?