Topics Head of state selection

Constitute topics are built from the variables in the Comparative Constitutions Project’s dataset, which captures the content of world constitutions. The particular variables relevant to this topic are listed below, in the form of survey questions.

More information about the CCP’s research design is available here, including background information on how the team designed the inventory of constitutional topics as well as the full coding survey


The procedure through which a candidate for the office of head of state is nominated and approved. While there is great variation, common procedures include heredity, direct election, or election by the legislature.




electoral college; king; monarch; president; queen

Survey Questions

  • How is the head of state selected?
  • Which of these best categorizes the electoral system for the head of state?
  • Who are the electors for the head of state?