Topics Head of state decree power

Constitute topics are built from the variables in the Comparative Constitutions Project’s dataset, which captures the content of world constitutions. The particular variables relevant to this topic are listed below, in the form of survey questions.

More information about the CCP’s research design is available here, including background information on how the team designed the inventory of constitutional topics as well as the full coding survey


Allows the head of state to enact rules without following the usual channels for the passage of legislation. This power is usually limited to particular circumstances or areas of government activity.




king; monarch; president; queen

Survey Questions

  • Does the head of state have decree power?
  • Which arrangement describes the implementation procedure for head of state decrees?
  • Once implemented, what arrangement describes the expiration procedures for head of state decrees?
  • Who approves the head of state's decrees?
  • For which topics is the head of state authorized (or not authorized) to use decree power?