Topics God or other deities

Constitute topics are built from the variables in the Comparative Constitutions Project’s dataset, which captures the content of world constitutions. The particular variables relevant to this topic are listed below, in the form of survey questions.

More information about the CCP’s research design is available here, including background information on how the team designed the inventory of constitutional topics as well as the full coding survey


An invocation of the divine. Often found in the preamble, particularly in states with an established religion.


Culture and Identity


church; secular

Survey Questions

  • Does the Constitution mention 'God' or any other Deities?