Topics Protection from expropriation

Constitute topics are built from the variables in the Comparative Constitutions Project’s dataset, which captures the content of world constitutions. The particular variables relevant to this topic are listed below, in the form of survey questions.

More information about the CCP’s research design is available here, including background information on how the team designed the inventory of constitutional topics as well as the full coding survey


Protects individuals and businesses from government confiscation of their property without proper compensation. The level of compensation may be variously specified as fair, full, appropriate, adequate, or otherwise.


Rights and Duties



Survey Questions

  • Can the government expropriate private property under at least some conditions?
  • What is the specified level of compensation for expropriation of private property?
  • Under what conditions or for what purposes can the state expropriate private property?
  • What limits/conditions are placed on the ability of the government to expropriate private property?