Topics Equality regardless of race

Constitute topics are built from the variables in the Comparative Constitutions Project’s dataset, which captures the content of world constitutions. The particular variables relevant to this topic are listed below, in the form of survey questions.

More information about the CCP’s research design is available here, including background information on how the team designed the inventory of constitutional topics as well as the full coding survey


Requires that everyone is treated equally before the law, without regard to their race. This may apply to both public and private interactions in some jurisdictions.


Culture and Identity; Rights and Duties


anti-discrimination; ethnicity; non-discrimination; race

Survey Questions

  • Which of the following groups does the constitution protect from discrimination/provide for equality for (check all that apply)?