Topics General guarantee of equality

Constitute topics are built from the variables in the Comparative Constitutions Project’s dataset, which captures the content of world constitutions. The particular variables relevant to this topic are listed below, in the form of survey questions.

More information about the CCP’s research design is available here, including background information on how the team designed the inventory of constitutional topics as well as the full coding survey


Guarantees that all individuals are entitled to the same privileges and immunities. Prohibits favoritism or discrimination to any group. All are considered to be equal before the law.


Rights and Duties


anti-discrimination; non-discrimination

Survey Questions

  • Does the constitution refer to equality before the law, the equal rights of men, or non-discrimination?