Topics Protection of environment

Constitute topics are built from the variables in the Comparative Constitutions Project’s dataset, which captures the content of world constitutions. The particular variables relevant to this topic are listed below, in the form of survey questions.

More information about the CCP’s research design is available here, including background information on how the team designed the inventory of constitutional topics as well as the full coding survey


Imposes a duty on the state or on the people to protect or conserve the environment. This may also accord to citizens the right to enjoy a healthy environment.


Rights and Duties

Survey Questions

  • Does the constitution refer to protection or preservation of the environment?
  • How does the constitution refer to the environment?