Topics Civil service recruitment

Constitute topics are built from the variables in the Comparative Constitutions Project’s dataset, which captures the content of world constitutions. The particular variables relevant to this topic are listed below, in the form of survey questions.

More information about the CCP’s research design is available here, including background information on how the team designed the inventory of constitutional topics as well as the full coding survey


Requires that officials in the public service are recruited and promoted on the basis of merit. This is intended to be a hedge against patronage and nepotism, and may require standardized exams or a specified kind of credential.


Principles and Symbols



Survey Questions

  • Does the constitution include provisions for the meritocratic recruitment of civil servants (e.g. exams or credential requirements)?