Topics Source of constitutional authority

Constitute topics are built from the variables in the Comparative Constitutions Project’s dataset, which captures the content of world constitutions. The particular variables relevant to this topic are listed below, in the form of survey questions.

More information about the CCP’s research design is available here, including background information on how the team designed the inventory of constitutional topics as well as the full coding survey


Establishes the agent with the authority to install the constitution or from which the state derives its ultimate authority. Many constitutions invoke the people, an assembly, a group of subnational units, a monarch, or a deity.


Principles and Symbols

Survey Questions

  • Whose authority is the constitution said to be established?