Topics Reference to art

Constitute topics are built from the variables in the Comparative Constitutions Project’s dataset, which captures the content of world constitutions. The particular variables relevant to this topic are listed below, in the form of survey questions.

More information about the CCP’s research design is available here, including background information on how the team designed the inventory of constitutional topics as well as the full coding survey


References to art or artists indicate the importance of art to the national identity, and are often made in the context of mandating state support for the arts.


Principles and Symbols



Survey Questions

  • Does the constitution refer to artists or the arts?
  • How does the constitution refer to artists?