Topics Spending bills

Constitute topics are built from the variables in the Comparative Constitutions Project’s dataset, which captures the content of world constitutions. The particular variables relevant to this topic are listed below, in the form of survey questions.

More information about the CCP’s research design is available here, including background information on how the team designed the inventory of constitutional topics as well as the full coding survey


Special legislative processes for spending bills, which may include restrictions on proposal, approval, or amendment. Spending bills refer to legislation specifically for the expenditure of government money.




budget; fiscal policy

Survey Questions

  • Who can initiate spending bills?
  • Who can approve spending bills?
  • What are the details for the process to pass spending bills?