Constitute topics are built from the variables in the Comparative Constitutions Project’s dataset, which captures the content of world constitutions. The particular variables relevant to this topic are listed below, in the form of survey questions.
More information about the CCP’s research design is available here, including background information on how the team designed the inventory of constitutional topics as well as the full coding survey
Gives a body within the executive branch the authority to overrule a criminal conviction.
- Does the head of state have the power to pardon?
- Does the head of government have the power to pardon?