Topics Protection of language use

Constitute topics are built from the variables in the Comparative Constitutions Project’s dataset, which captures the content of world constitutions. The particular variables relevant to this topic are listed below, in the form of survey questions.

More information about the CCP’s research design is available here, including background information on how the team designed the inventory of constitutional topics as well as the full coding survey


Protects the right of individuals to use their native language, or otherwise provides general protections for particular languages. Protected languages may be specified, but remain distinct from the official languages of the state.


Culture and Identity



Survey Questions

  • Does the constitution refer to the protection of different languages?